UNITED NATIONS: Permanent Representative of India to United Nations, Ambassador TS Tirumurti, gave a anti statement on the resolution for an International Day to combat ‘Islamophobia’.
In his remarks, Tirumurti said that India was not convinced that there was a need to elevate phobia against one religion to the level of an International Day.
Indian Aambassador Tirumurti expressed deep concerns on the rise of incidents linked to discrimination, intolerance and violence directed against the people of many religious communities across the world. He said as a pluralistic and democratic country, India has welcomed people from around the world, including Zoroastrians, Buddhists, and Jews, persecuted for their faith or belief.
He further said that India condemns all acts motivated by antisemitism, Christian phobia or Islamophobia. “However, such phobias are not restricted to Abrahamic religions only. In fact, there is clear evidence that over decades such religion-centric phobias have, in fact, affected the followers of non-Abrahamic religions as well. This has contributed to the emergence of contemporary forms of religiophobia, especially anti-Hindu, anti-Buddhist and anti-Sikh phobias.”
Pointing out the attacks on temples, gurudwaras and monasteries etc., he said the destruction of Bamyan Buddha, violation of gurudwara premises, the massacre of Sikh pilgrims in gurudwara, attack on temples, glorification of breaking of idols in temples etc. contribute to the rise of religiophobia against non-Abrahamic religions.
Ambassador Tirumurti said, “Hinduism has more than 1.2 billion followers, Buddhism more than 535 million and Sikhism had more than 30 million spread out around the world. It is time that we acknowledged the prevalence of religiophobia, rather than single out just one.”
He said celebrating a religion is one thing but commemorating a day to combat hatred against only one religion is not the same. “In fact, this resolution may well end up downplaying the seriousness of phobias against all other religions,” he added.
‘Not convinced over the need to elevate phobia against one religion’
Tirumurti pointed towards the fact that there is already an International Day commemorating the victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief, i.e. August 22. He said, “We are not convinced that we need to elevate phobia against one religion to the level of an international day. We need to always be inclusive, especially in the United Nations.”
He said India had suggested amendments to include the word ‘pluralism’ in the text, but it was not included by the sponsors of the resolution for ‘reasons best known to them’. He hoped the resolution adopted by the UN would not set a precedent that would lead to multiple resolutions on phobias based on selective religions that would divide the world further instead of bringing the nations together on one platform of peace and harmony and treating the World as One Family.
Earlier, The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted by consensus a resolution introduced by Pakistan on behalf of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) that proclaims March 15 as International Day to Combat Islamophobia.
The resolution was sponsored by 57 members of the OIC, and eight other countries, including China and Russia.
Several member states hailed the document, but the representatives of India, France and the European Union expressed reservations, saying that while religious intolerance was prevalent all over the world, the resolution singled out only Islam and excluded others.
Indian Ambassador TS Trimurti complained that the resolution did not cover anti-Hindu phobia, among other religions.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Imran Khan congratulated the Muslim ummah on the development.
“Our voice against the rising tide of Islamophobia has been heard and the UN has adopted a landmark resolution introduced by Pakistan,” he tweeted.
The premier added: “Today, the UN has finally recognised the grave challenge confronting the world: of Islamophobia, respect for religious symbols and practices and of curtailing systematic hate speech and discrimination against Muslims.”
Under its terms, the resolution strongly deplores all acts of violence against persons on the basis of their religion or belief and such acts directed against their places of worship, as well as all attacks on and in religious places, sites and shrines that are in violation of international law.
‘Spread of Islamophobia is alarming’
At the UNGA session today, Ambassador Munir Akram, who is the permanent representative of Pakistan to the UN, said, “Islamophobia is a reality.”
Noting that the phenomenon was growing, he stressed the need to address it.
Akram highlighted that Prime Minister Imran Khan was the first to raise the issue of Islamophobia at the UN in his “historic” 2019 address to the General Assembly, and had repeatedly called for international attention and efforts to address it.
“Today’s resolution invites all member states, relevant organisations of the United Nations system, other international and regional organisations, civil society, private sector and faith-based organisations to observe the international day in an appropriate manner,” he said.
In his introductory remarks, Akram said Islamophobia’s manifestations hate speech, discrimination, and violence against Muslims were proliferating in several parts of the world.
“Such acts of discrimination, hostility and violence towards Muslim individuals and communities constitute grave violations of their human rights and violate their freedom of religion and belief. They also cause great anguish within the Muslim world,” the Pakistan envoy said.
The ambassador referred to a report of UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, which he said stated that since 9/11 attacks, “institutional suspicion and fear of Muslims and those perceived to be Muslim has escalated to epidemic proportions”.
In such climates of exclusion, fear and distrust, “Muslims often feel stigma, negative stereotyping and shame and a sense that they are suspect communities that are being forced to bear collective responsibility for the actions of a small minority,” he said.
“The spread of Islamophobia, both in terms of the phenomenon’s momentum and outreach, is particularly alarming these days, for it has emerged as a new form of racism characterised by xenophobia, negative profiling and stereotyping of Muslims,” Akram said.
In this regard, he noted that the “rise in hate crimes against Muslims, both offline and online, as well as discrimination in education, citizenship, immigration, employment, housing and healthcare sectors, among others, are well documented”.
The gender aspect of Islamophobia was also gaining prominence, with girls and women being targeted due to the mode of their dress and the general notion that Muslim women are oppressed and thus must be liberated, he pointed out.
“What indeed is worrisome,” the Pakistani envoy said, was that Islamophobia “continues to find strong resonance in political spheres, ultimately leading to the institutionalisation of Islamophobia through new legislation[s] and policies, such as discriminatory travel bans and visa restrictions”.
“Various academic studies have revealed that Islamophobia is most visible in the media and in the discourse of far-right groups and political parties and groups, who tend to exploit and build on the general fear of Islam for electoral gains,” he added.
In some countries, he said, anti-immigration and anti-refugee rhetoric had taken an anti-Muslim overtone and had often become the central theme of political campaigns.
Ambassador Akram voiced grave concern over several media outlets continuing to “propagate fear and negative stereotypes against Islam and Muslims, notably by acting as a platform for widespread dissemination of anti-Muslim rhetoric”.
“Despite its pervasive impacts, Islamophobia remains poorly understood, [and] it is essential to promote greater information of this phenomena and promote solutions through greater understanding and full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms,” he said.
The ambassador also outlines the objectives that he said the draft resolution served to achieve. The objectives are as follows:
Raise international awareness about the growing phenomenon of Islamophobia and anti-Muslim hatred
Send a clear message that the world opposes all forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, negative stereotyping and stigmatisation
To promote the message of tolerance, peaceful co-existence and interfaith and cultural harmony among all religions, races and nations
To demonstrate by commemorating on this day unfettered solidarity with all humanity, convey a strong message of respect for human dignity, and reiterate common commitment to unity in diversity
“The objective of observing this day is about uniting, not dividing,” the envoy said, concluding his address.