CLIMATE change is hitting harder the developing countries. Changes in precipitation patterns, higher temperatures, more frequent weather-related disasters, and rising sea levels are new challenges for developing countries.
Pakistan ranked 5th worst affected country in terms of extreme climate between the years 1999 to 2018. According to a World Bank report, from 1961 to 2007 temperature has been accelerated from 0.57°C to 0.47°C.
The daily average maximum temperature slightly rises (0.87°C between 1961–2007) years. A concurrent increase in the frequency of heatwave days has been documented, particularly in Sindh Province.
Pakistan has already witnessed heatwaves and droughts, riverine and flash floods, landslides, and sea storms or cyclones in recent years, the report published by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in 2021.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and World Bank (WB) jointly report that Pakistan ranked 18 out of 191 on the risk index. Pakistan has a high risk of flooding which ranked 8th on the risk index, reported in the Dawn News. Also, riverine, flash, and coastal as well as some exposure to tropical cyclones and associated hazards (ranked jointly 40th).
The data from the 20th to 21st century of Pakistan’s defined areas, shows in December 1901 10.91°C was the average temperature in that region, however, 12.87°C average temperature was recorded in December 2016. The data was retrieved from the website The Open Data Pakistan.