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Live Rostrum Who's Who 2022

Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei (Islamic scholar)

Grand Ayatollah Khamenei is the Islamic Republic of Iran’s second Supreme Leader. He was born in Mashhad and attended the top Iranian religious seminary in Qom before being active in the Pahlavi regime’s battle in the 1960s and 1970s. He was a significant player in the 1979 revolution and served as President from 1981 to 1989 before taking over as Supreme Leader when Ayatollah Khomeini died. He has publicly backed most of the Arab uprisings, comparing them to the Iranian Revolution.

Khamenei was a student at the prominent Iranian seminary in Qom before being active in the movement against the Pahlavi dictatorship.

He holds a uniquely strong position as a religious leader and as the head of the state as the Supreme Leader and Velayat-e-Faqih (guardianship of the jurist).

NAyatollah Ruhollah Khomeini devised the notion of Velayat-e-Faqih based on themes that have flowed through Iranian political history since the time of Shah Ismail (who was the first who make Shia Islam the national religion of Iran in the early 16th century under the rule of the Safavids).

Ayatollah Khamenei taught lessons on the Holy Quran and Islamic theology at three mosques in Mashhad from 1972 until 1975. Thousands of politically oriented teenagers and students attended these seminars, as well as his lectures on Imam Ali’s (as) Nahjul Balagha. In most towns and cities, handwritten or typed copies of the lectures were distributed to the public.

His disciples disseminated his lessons and ideas to far-flung locales. All of this alarmed the Shah’s SAVAK operatives, who stormed into his Mashhad house in the winter of 1975 and detained him for the sixth time, confiscating all of his books and notes.

Between 1972 and 1975, Khamenei taught lessons on the Holy Quran in three separate mosques in Mashhad. Thousands of politically conscious students heard his talks.

Between 1972 and 1975, Khamenei taught lessons on the Holy Quran in three separate mosques in Mashhad. Thousands of politically conscious students heard his talks.

The US has used sanctions to try to influence Iran’s policies, especially its uranium enrichment program, since 1979. Many facets of life in the country have been harmed as a result of the sanctions. Iran and the P5+1 (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, Russia, and Germany) signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2015, which curtailed Iran’s nuclear programs and permitted foreign inspectors in exchange for the removal of economic sanctions.

This deal worked for four years before President Trump unilaterally pulled out, imposing harsher penalties on Iran as well as secondary restrictions on nations that continue to import Iranian oil. The Biden administration has indicated that it will return to the JCPOA, but more negotiations with new President Ebrahim Raisi are required.

The role of Iran in the Syrian and Yemeni wars, as well as how it maintains ties with the Arab world, are critical concerns that require Khamenei’s leadership. Major General Qasem Soleimani was slain by the US in January 2020, and while Iran retaliated by shooting missiles at a US base in Iraq, the matter remains unresolved for many.

Following the death of Ayatollah Araki, the Qom Theological School named Ayatollah Khamenei as one of the sources of imitation.

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