Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Faiz Ahmad Faiz was an influential left-wing thinker, revolutionary poet, and one of the most well-known Urdu poets from Pakistan. In 1963, Faiz became the first Asian poet to receive the Soviet Union’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize, the Lenin Peace Prize.
Faiz Ahmed is a Pakistani writer and poet. Faiz’s poetry is tempting, melodious, decorous, emotional, and memorable in its entire beauty. He is a one-of-a-kind poet who sings love songs and revolution songs at the same time. The popularity of his personality is also as touching as his poetry. He remained at the top of the most wanted poets list for the rest of his life. The popularity of his poems and of his personality lasted until the very end when Faiz’s value soared even more after his death.
On February 13, 1991, Faiz was born into a well-educated and intellectual Sialkot family. Faiz Ahmed’s father, Muhammad Khan, was a well-educated man who attended the same school as Allama Iqbal. His father was also a lawyer who served as the chief secretary to Abdul Rehman Khan, the Amir of the Emirate of Afghanistan, and later penned his biography. Fatima was Faiz’s mother’s name.
Faiz had his early education at a madrassa and later earned a master’s degree in English and Arabic at a mission school. In 1959, he was hired as a lecturer at Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in Amritsar, and later became a professor at Haley College in Lahore. His career began as a teacher and progressed through many stages, which may be seen in his poems.
Faiz Sahib’s interactions with many literary figures and intellectuals during this time considerably affected his beliefs. In 1941, he fell in love with Alys Faiz, a British national who was studying at GCU (Government College University), where he was teaching poetry. While Alys opted to become a Pakistani citizen, she was an active member of the CPP (Communist Party of Pakistan), and she was a key figure in the Rawalpindi Conspiracy when she brought the communist masses together. Moneeza and Salima were the couple’s two daughters.
Many prominent people, like as Patras Bukhari and Sufi Ghulam Mustafa Tabassum, were among Faiz Sahib’s lecturers at Government College Lahore. Despite learning a variety of languages, including Urdu, Arabic, Persian, English, and Punjabi, and integrating a slew of new terminology into his poetry, Faiz’s poetry comes off as simple and straightforward. In the first invention featured in Naqsh-e-Farhadi, the traditional color seems to prevail.
Faiz Sahib’s career took a turn in 1942 when he joined the British Army and was promoted to Lieutenant in Army Public Relations before rising to Lieutenant Colonel in 1946. Faiz Ahmed Faiz began to see his motherland in a new light after the foundation of Pakistan, and he knew that he was yearning for something that was not magical. From the outset, Faiz had recognized the stage of no arriving. Faiz Sahib became the editor of Pakistan Times in 1947, and in addition to his poetry, he continued to write on the loss of human life during partition in his articles and editorials. Faiz remained a member of the Pakistan Communist Party for the following few years, holding a number of government roles. On February 8, a covert meeting was convened at the home of Major General Akbar Khan, the Chief of the General Staff. Along with Sajjad Zaheer and Faiz, several military personnel were present during the conference. All of these people above have proposed an overthrow plan for Liaquat Ali Khan’s regime. The Rawalpindi conspiracy was later named after this plot. Faiz was arrested on March 5, 1985, by the then-government on charges of assisting and abetting the Rawalpindi conspiracy. He was imprisoned at Sargodha, Sahiwal, Hyderabad, and Karachi for four years. On April 5, you were released from the location where you were imprisoned. During this time, the majority of the poetry in the prison letter was composed.
After a trial overseen by Judge Advocate General (JAG) branch officers, he was sentenced to four years at MCJ (Montgomery Central Jail) in a military court during the military rule. The government however, proceeded to imprison him in Central Jail Mianwali and Central Prison Karachi due to his dominant personality. His defense attorney was socialist Huseyn Suhravardie. PM Huseyn Suhrawardy shortened his sentence on April 2, 1955, and he left for London, United Kingdom, shortly after. In 1958, he returned, but President Iskander Mirza detained him once more, accusing him of spreading pro-communist ideas and campaigning for a pro-Moscow dictatorship.
In 1964, he returned to Pakistan and settled in Karachi, where he was named Rector of Abdullah Haroon College. He served as secretary of the Pakistan Arts Council from 1959 to 1962, and was named vice-president the following year.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, a talented democratic socialist who served as Foreign Minister under Ayub Khan’s presidency, named him to the government for the first time in 1965. Bhutto pushed for Faiz’s appointment to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, where he sought to rally the people of West Pakistan to defeat India and rescue their homeland.
Faiz was a very lucky poet in that he gained reputation early on and maintained it until the end of his life. Faiz’s enormous popularity was aided by his ability to sing poetry. Declare that your lips are free; that your tongues are still yours; that your seventh body is still yours; that your life is still yours. Faiz’s poetry and prose works were published in a total of fifteen volumes. “Naqsh-e-Faryadi,” his first collection of words, was published in 1941, followed by “Dast-e-Saba,” “Zindannama,” “Dast-e-Taha-e-Sang,” “Wadi-e-Sina,” and “Sham-e-Shahriyaran.” “My Heart, My Traveler” and “Kaliyat Naskha Hai Ufa” were also warmly welcomed, while “Crosses in My Window,” “Mutaa-e-Luh-o-Qalam,” and “Month and Year Affair” were featured in the prose section.
Faiz Ahmed Faiz spent his entire life advocating for the underprivileged classes. He was a staunch supporter of human rights. He advocated for equal rights throughout the country. He was continually speaking out against societal injustices. He was respected all around the world because of his association with the progressive movement. In his own country, though, he was religiously humiliated. For the last few years of his life, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, a renowned and hugely popular poet who lived in travel and struggled ideologically, suffered from a respiratory disease. He also had a heart attack and then another one. He died of a respiratory ailment on November 20, 1984, at the age of 73. His endearing personality and widely read poems, on the other hand, will live on in the hearts of Pakistanis.