Politician, Religious leader
Abdul-Malik Al-Houthi is a Yemeni politician and religious figure who leads the Zaidi revolution movement, often known as the Houthi movement. Malik Houthi is the most powerful man in Yemen’s civil war, which began with the Houthi seizure of the Saada Governorate in northern Yemen.
Malik was born in 1982 into the Houthi tribe in Saada, Yemen. According to some records, he was born on May 22, 1979. He is a Shia Muslim who adheres to the Zaidiyyah branch of Islam. Badreddin, his father, was a Zaydi Shia religious scholar in Yemen’s minority Zaydi sect. Abdul-Malik was the eldest of Abdul-eight Malik’s brothers. Hussein, his older brother, was politically engaged and a member of Yemen’s parliament, as well as a vocal critic of Yemen’s former President, Ali Abdullah Saleh. Hussein established the Houthi movement to promote Zaidi ideology, rise against Yemen’s rulers, and provide educational and social services. After Hussein was assassinated, Abdul-Malik assumed command of the movement.
Hussein Badr Al-Din Al-Houthi, a Zaydi Shia scholar, founded the Houthi movement in 1992. Until 1962, the Zaidis ruled most of Yemen for over 1,000 years. They believe that only a descendent of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), known as an Imam, should rule Muslims.
Malik has achieved significant improvements in Yemen as a result of tactical and strategic approaches that have helped him get to where he is now. He launched the Al-Minbar website in 2007 and the Al-Masirah TV station in 2012.
Following the revolt in February 2011, Malik rose to prominence as a leader. In March 2011, the Houthi government took control of the provinces of Saada and Jawf. The Houthis then took control of the Demag region in the Saada and Amran provinces in 2014, and attacked Sana’a in September 2014, taking a huge number of ministries and military institutions. He has driven Al-Qaeda out of the regions which the Houthis have taken.
The group had firm control of the north by October 2014. It succeeded in pushing out interim President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi from the capital a few months later. That was the final straw for the coalition, which immediately joined forces to crush the Houthis and restore Hadi to power.