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President Muhammadu Buhari

Politician

President Muhammadu Buhari was re-elected to a second term as President of Nigeria in February 2019, defeated his opponent by more than three million votes. Muhammadu Buhari is known best for being the President of Nigeria since 2015. He is a Nigerian military officer and politician. He has also made significant contributions to environmental conservation in Nigeria.

Buhari was born on December 17, 1942, in Daura, Katsina State, to a Fulani family. His father, Mallam Hardo Adamu, was a Fulani chieftain from Dumurkul in Mai’Adua, while his mother, Zulaihat, was of Hausa and Kanuri descent. He is his father’s twenty-third child and was named after Muhammad al-Bukhari, a ninth-century Persian Islamic scholar. Buhari was raised by his mother, he was just four years old when his father died. He went to Daura and Mai’adua primary schools, Katsina Middle School in 1953, and Katsina Provincial Secondary School from 1956 to 1961.

In 1963, President Buhari enlisted in the military and attended the Nigerian Military Training School in Kaduna. In 1966 and 1975, he was involved in military counter-coups, and in 1983, he ousted the democratically elected government and became president for two years. During these years, he gained fame for his all-out campaign against corruption and indiscipline, a reputation he has since preserved. In 1985 he was ousted and remained in captivity for 3 years.

Before succeeding in 2015, President Buhari ran as the leading opposition candidate in the presidential elections of 2003, 2007, and 2011, all of which he lost. His campaign was based on his image as a zealous anti-corruption campaigner with a reputation for honesty and incorruptibility. He is revered among northern Nigerian Muslims as a legend, but his anti-corruption stance has earned him nationwide respect.

The President has made combating Boko Haram a primary focus. Boko Haram’s actions have constantly provoked international anger, and the President has publicly vowed to halt the terror attacks. In July 2014, he narrowly avoided a suicide explosion that killed more than 50 people. In exchange for five Boko Haram leaders, Buhari’s government obtained the release of 82 out of 276 girls kidnapped in 2014. President Buhari met with the Chibok girls before flying to London, United Kingdom, for further treatment for an unexplained ailment; health concerns remain.

President Buhari served as the first chairman of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and was responsible for the construction of 20 oil depots across the country, a project that involved over 3200 kilometers of pipelines. He oversaw the construction of the refineries in Warri and Kaduna. He also laid the groundwork for the country’s petrochemical and liquefied natural gas initiatives.

President Buhari is a committed environmentalist who has devised several programmes to protect Nigeria’s wildlife. He has also made significant contributions to environmental conservation in Nigeria, such as regulating the logging sector and guaranteeing that loggers replace double the number of trees felled. He’s also attempted to limit the Ecological Fund Office’s ability to address environmental issues.

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